When posting bail there are five major types of bail available, with some used more frequently than others. Each can be tailored to fit the charges faced and the defendant’s financial situation. Each case has its own unique bond as determined by a judge at the bail hearing.
Here are five types of bail bonds:
Judges will often set a cash bond if the accused is seen to either be a danger to others or a high flight risk. In these circumstances, the amount of this cash bail is very high to make sure the defendant stays in jail during their trial. Cash bonds, also known as cash bails, means the defendant must pay the full bail amount in cash. Some courts may also accept credit cards or checks but regardless of the payment method, if the accused fails to appear in court, the bail is forfeited and a warrant is issued for their arrest. However, if the accused complies with the court, the bail is returned after sentencing.
Surety bonds, also known as bail bonds are used when the defendant can’t afford to pay the bail amount set by the judge. A friend or family member contacts a bail agent, also called a bail bondsman, through a surety company or bail bond agency and pledges to pay the full bond amount if the accused fails to appear for court appearances.If the defendant does not appear for court (known as skipping or jumping bail), the bail agent is responsible for paying the entire bond. Or if the friend or family member does not or cannot pay back the bondsman, there may be severe repercussions such as being tracked down by bounty hunters, who take a percentage of the bond amount in return for turning in the defendant to the authorities.
Property bonds are used when personal property such as a house, car, boat, or other property is used to ensure a bail bond. When a property bond is used, the court puts a lien, or a claim, on the property for the bail amount. If the defendant misses their court appearances, the court can either foreclose on the property or force the accused to forfeit their property to where the court possesses the property to cover the cost of the bail.
This type of bail bond should only be used as a last resort but if it’s used, it should be used very carefully.
This is when there is no bail cost to be paid to the courts but the judge releases the suspect with the expectation to show up for all court dates. If they fail to show up for court, he or she will be taken back into custody until their trial and sentencing.
Personal recognizance bail is usually only allowed when the charge involves a relatively minor, nonviolent crime. It is not allowed for high-risk cases being dangerous to others or if a person is deemed to be a flight risk to flee and not appear for court.
Release on Citation (Cite Out)
Release on citation bail, also known as a “cite out”, is usually used for minor law violations. The arresting office issues the accused a citation rather than booking the suspect. The issued citation acts as a court summons and says the accused must appear in court. Failure to make the court appearance can lead to an arrest warrant. In some states, the defendant can also lose unemployment benefits, tax refunds or their driver’s license.
Another type of bond is the Immigration Bond.
Immigration bonds are used when a detained is held by the Department of Federal Immigration and Customs Enforcement of ICE. An immigration bail bond is necessary for the accused to be released from custody in this situation. Immigration bail bonds work similar to surety bonds. Once the detainee is released they must attend all immigration court hearings and report to ICE if they are ordered to be deported. If they miss hearings or fail to report for deportation, their bond is forfeited and their arrest warrant is issued.
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